Types Of Counselling And Psychotherapy

Types Of Counselling And Psychotherapy

The commonest query I'm requested by individuals making a primary enquiry about counselling is 'What type of counselling do you do?'

What is usually meant by this is, 'What kinds of problem do you provide counselling for?' Most counsellors and psychotherapists, myself included, don't specialize in one type of problem, as all problems or difficulties affecting emotions and thinking have similarities, and largely respond to remedy in related ways.

So the answer to the query 'What sorts of problem do you supply counselling for?' would be something like 'Difficulties with emotions and thinking', rather than particular single issues like, say, 'low self esteem', or 'fear of failure'. Most counselling and psychotherapy deals with the whole particular person, and would not usually separate off one thing they're thinking or feeling or doing.

This is only a basic rule, however. There are some therapies which do specialize in specific types of issue, often ones which make use of a particular answer-based mostly approach. Counselling for addictions is an apparent example, a specialism which normally entails a progressive, guided programme. Others may be bereavement or consuming problems. Specific part of the population, comparable to young people or women, may also be recognized as teams needing a specialist approach to some extent, but on the whole these use the same techniques as every other psychological counselling. The primary distinction is likely to be that the company has been set up to cope with that specific subject or group, has obtained funding for it, and so focuses it is resources in that area. A person counsellor or psychothearpist might deal in a particlar area because it has particularly interested them, or they've done further training in it, or probably had specific expertise of the issue themselves.

What counsellors and psychotherapists mean when they communicate of different types of remedy is the distinction within the theoretical orientation of the therapist, not in the types of problem in which they specialise. There are a number or appraoches, broadly divisible into the three areas of Humanistic, Psychodynamic and Cognitve-Behavioural. Even a short description of each type of approach and it is subdivisions is beyond the scope of this article. I will due to this fact restrict it to the 2 essential approaches which I make use of myself, Particular person Centred (a 'humanistic' approach) and Psychodynamic.

Individual Centred Counselling and Psychotherapy

On the centre of the Individual Centred approach is the concept the Counsellor is a 'visitor' on the earth of the consumer's expertise, with all that this implies regarding respect and trust.

The consumer is considered to be essentially trustworthy, that she or he knows somewhere, someway, what they want, and that they have a want for growth. The counsellor might help deliver these into awareness and assist the shopper to utilise them.

One other central idea is 'situations of value'. Situations are imposed early in life by which a person measures their own value, how settle forable or unacceptable they are. A easy instance could be 'Don't ever be angry, or you may be an unpleasant, shameful particular person, and you will not be loved.' The message this carries may be something like 'If I'm indignant it means I am priceless, therefore I must never be angry.' The particular person will inevitably feel indignant, presumably continuously, and conclude from this that they must due to this fact be priceless, ugly, shameful. Another might be 'If you do not do well academically, it means you are silly and you will be a failure in life'. This kind of condition will tend to stay with the person indefinitely, and he or she may need been struggling for years to live as much as what is perhaps unattainable conditions of worth. If this form of inside conviction is dropped at light, and it's roots understood absolutely, it may be that the person can see that it isn't truly true, it's been put there by others, and my be able to move away from it.

The Particular person Centred Counsellor makes an attempt to be 'with' the shopper as a form of companion. The Counsellor respecting and accepting the individual, whatever they're like, will lead to the individual him or herself coming to really feel that she or he actually is acceptable, and coming into contact with a more real, 'organismic' self which has all the time been there in a roundabout way, however been hidden. They may then change into more genuine, less preoccupied with appearances and facades, or dwelling up to the expectations of others.They may value their own emotions more, positive or negative. They may begin to enjoy their experience of the moment. They might value others more, and enjoy referring to them, moderately than feeling oppressed, shy, inferior.

The Counsellor achieves this by making a climate of acceptance within which the shopper can find him or herself. Certain therapeutic situations facilitate this, conditions laid down by the founder of this approach, Carl Rogers. These embrace:

The therapist's genuineness, or authenticity. This can't be just acted, it has to be real or it will likely be worthless.

Total acceptance of the client, and optimistic regard for them, regardless of how they seem to be.

'Empathic understanding', the therapist really understanding what the consumer is saying, and, further, showing the consumer that their feelings have been understood.

Psychodynamic Counselling and Psychotherapy

Psychodynamic, or Psychoanalytic, therapy makes an attempt to foster an interaction which contains unconscious parts of the client. An entire lifetime's expertise, most powerfully what the particular person has learned from his or her first relationships in early childhood, will determine the way the consumer pertains to others. This will come out in some kind within the therapeutic relationship too, and the therapist must be aware of what forces and influences may be at work in the client.

This approach doesn't embody that idea of 'free will'. It does not see our thinking, feeling and determination making as the result of conscious awareness, however as the results of many forces which are working beneath aware awareness. The particular person is performing and relating to others largely as the result of the instincts they are born with, together with what they have realized about themselves, largely by way of the nature of their close relationships in early life.

The particular 'personality' is shaped in the crucible of this early experience. If, for instance, the main carer of the child has not fed her properly, this might be laid down in as an anxiety. This may be simply about being fed, about getting enough to eat, or it may be prolonged by the infant into related things, such as trust (they've learned to not trust that meals, or the carer, will be there when needed), or insecurity about life generally, or a sense of there all the time being something lacking. A result may be overeating, say, or greed in other ways, for items, or neediness, anxious want for the presence of others, or one other. This is one example. There are myriad kinds of operations of this form within the psyche, forming from birth, with all types of subtleties and variations. They are virtually all laid down in a stage of the particular person which is just not accessible to the aware mind, and are acted out unconsciously.

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