Types Of Counselling And Psychotherapy

Types Of Counselling And Psychotherapy

The commonest question I'm requested by individuals making a first enquiry about counselling is 'What type of counselling do you do?'

What's usually meant by this is, 'What sorts of problem do you provide counselling for?' Most counsellors and psychotherapists, myself included, do not concentrate on one type of problem, as all problems or difficulties affecting emotions and thinking have similarities, and largely reply to therapy in comparable ways.

So the answer to the query 'What sorts of problem do you provide counselling for?' can be something like 'Difficulties with emotions and thinking', relatively than specific single issues like, say, 'low self esteem', or 'worry of failure'. Most counselling and psychotherapy deals with the entire individual, and doesn't normally separate off one thing they're thinking or feeling or doing.

This is only a normal rule, however. There are some therapies which do specialise in explicit types of difficulty, usually ones which employ a selected answer-based mostly approach. Counselling for addictions is an apparent example, a specialism which often involves a progressive, guided programme. Others is likely to be bereavement or eating problems. Specific section of the population, comparable to younger individuals or girls, may additionally be recognized as groups needing a specialist approach to some extent, however on the entire these use the same strategies as every other psychological counselling. The main difference is perhaps that the company has been set up to take care of that specific difficulty or group, has received funding for it, and so focuses it's resources in that area. A person counsellor or psychothearpist might deal in a particlar area because it has particularly interested them, or they've accomplished further training in it, or presumably had specific expertise of the problem themselves.

What counsellors and psychotherapists imply once they speak of different types of remedy is the distinction within the theoretical orientation of the therapist, not within the types of problem in which they specialise. There are a number or appraoches, broadly divisible into the three areas of Humanistic, Psychodynamic and Cognitve-Behavioural. Even a short description of every type of approach and it's subdivisions is past the scope of this article. I'll subsequently limit it to the two main approaches which I make use of myself, Individual Centred (a 'humanistic' approach) and Psychodynamic.

Particular person Centred Counselling and Psychotherapy

On the centre of the Individual Centred approach is the idea that the Counsellor is a 'guest' on the earth of the shopper's expertise, with all that this implies relating to respect and trust.

The client is considered to be essentially trustworthy, that he or she knows someplace, by some means, what they need, and that they've a want for growth. The counsellor may help bring these right into awareness and assist the consumer to utilise them.

One other central concept is 'situations of value'. Conditions are imposed early in life by which a person measures their own value, how settle forable or unacceptable they are. A simple instance is perhaps 'Don't ever be angry, or you will be an unsightly, shameful particular person, and you'll not be loved.' The message this carries might be something like 'If I am angry it means I am worthless, therefore I mustn't ever be angry.' The person will inevitably really feel offended, possibly often, and conclude from this that they must therefore be priceless, ugly, shameful. Another is perhaps 'When you don't do well academically, it means you might be stupid and you'll be a failure in life'. This sort of condition will have a tendency to stick with the individual indefinitely, and he or she may need been struggling for years to live as much as what could be unattainable conditions of worth. If this sort of inner conviction is dropped at light, and it is roots understood fully, it could be that the individual can see that it's not actually true, it has been put there by others, and my be able to move away from it.

The Individual Centred Counsellor attempts to be 'with' the client as a sort of companion. The Counsellor respecting and accepting the particular person, whatever they are like, will lead to the particular person him or herself coming to feel that she or he actually is settle forable, and coming into contact with a more real, 'organismic' self which has all the time been there indirectly, however been hidden. They could then become more real, less preoccupied with appearances and facades, or residing as much as the expectations of others.They could value their own feelings more, positive or negative. They might begin to get pleasure from their experience of the moment. They may worth others more, and enjoy referring to them, rather than feeling oppressed, shy, inferior.

The Counsellor achieves this by making a climate of acceptance within which the client can find him or herself. Certain therapeutic situations facilitate this, situations laid down by the founder of this approach, Carl Rogers. These embody:

The therapist's genuineness, or authenticity. This can not be just acted, it has to be real or it will likely be priceless.

Total acceptance of the shopper, and optimistic regard for them, irrespective of how they appear to be.

'Empathic understanding', the therapist really understanding what the client is saying, and, further, showing the consumer that their feelings have been understood.

Psychodynamic Counselling and Psychotherapy

Psychodynamic, or Psychoanalytic, therapy attempts to foster an interplay which includes unconscious components of the client. An entire lifetime's experience, most powerfully what the individual has realized from his or her first relationships in early childhood, will decide the way in which the consumer relates to others. This will come out in some type within the therapeutic relationship too, and the therapist needs to be aware of what forces and influences could also be at work in the client.

This approach does not embrace that idea of 'free will'. It does not see our thinking, feeling and determination making as the result of acutely aware awareness, however because the outcomes of many forces which are operating beneath conscious awareness. The individual is acting and referring to others largely as the end result of the instincts they're born with, together with what they have learned about themselves, largely via the nature of their shut relationships in early life.

The particular 'personality' is fashioned in the crucible of this early experience. If, for example, the main carer of the child has not fed her properly, this will be laid down in as an anxiety. This may be simply about being fed, about getting enough to eat, or it may be extended by the toddler into associated things, resembling trust (they have realized not to trust that food, or the carer, shall be there when wanted), or insecurity about life usually, or a feeling of there always being something lacking. A consequence is perhaps overeating, say, or greed in different methods, for goods, or neediness, anxious want for the presence of others, or one other. This is one example. There are myriad kinds of operations of this variety in the psyche, forming from start, with every kind of subtleties and variations. They are almost all laid down in a level of the person which shouldn't be accessible to the conscious mind, and are acted out unconsciously.